DfRL: Initial Research

Initial Research

Before recieving this brief I hadn’t heard of Aphasia, after reading into this I am surprised that I haven’t heard about it before as it seems like a disorder which can effect so many people. According the the NHS website “Aphasia is when a person has difficulty with their language or speech. It’s usually caused by damage to the left side of the brain” (NHS, 2018)

The brief provided us with some website links that we could use as a starting point for our research. These were really useful to help me gain a basic understanding of the condition. People who suffer from Aphasia may have difficulty with speaking, understanding speech, reading, writing, using numbers, dealing with money and telling the time. (Stroke Association, 2020) It also can be caused from a stroke, head injury, brain tumour or neurological illness, but apparently stroke is the biggest cause.

Through doing some research I found that there was reference to dysphasia when talking about aphasia. This is due to the Aphasia being the medical term for full loss of language whereas dysphasia refers to the partial loss of language. Having this knowledge is important to bear in mind when thinking about designing for the target audience as some people may know it as Dysphasia.

One of the links that we were provided within the brief was statistics related to Aphasia. While I was reading through the aphasia awareness statics I found that I wasn’t massively surprised. 84.5% of people haven’t heard of Aphasia while only 8.8% of people know what it is. Interestingly 34.7% of people that have heard of it only know of it because they have aphasia or they know somebody who does. This to me highlights the need for the campaign.

Furthermore, I learnt that there are different types of Aphasia. Broca’s, Wernick’s and Anomic Aphasia. Borca’s Aphasia is non fluent. People find it difficult to say the right words. Wernick’s aphasia is when someone is able to speak well and use long sentences but they may not make sense. The third and final type of Anomic Aphasia when someone has an inability to supply the words for the very things the person would like to talk about.

A video from Discover Aphasia Charity which showed a conversation between someone who suffers from Aphasia trying to have a conversation. A simple conversation is very hard from them but with the use of visual aids, hand gestures even writing a possible answer made the conversation less frustrating for the person with Aphasia.


References

Stroke Association (2020) What is aphasia? Available at: https://www.stroke.org.uk/what-is-aphasia (Accessed: 7 October 2020)

National Aphasia Association (2016) Aphasia Statistics. Available at: https://www.aphasia.org/aphasia-resources/aphasia-statistics/ (Accessed: 7 October 2020)

NHS (2018) Overview: Aphasia. Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/aphasia/ (Accessed: 7 October 2020)

Dyscover Aphasia Charity (2015) Alphasia – what a difference some help makes – Training video by http://www.florentia.co.uk for Dyscover. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KWVoqM9jmEM (Accessed: 7 October 2020)

Stroke Hub Wales (2020) Knowledge and Attitudes of Aphasia amongst the public. Available at: https://stroke.wales/interactive/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-aphasia-amongst-the-public/ (Accessed: 7th October 2020)

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